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Sunday, 24 July 2016

Terms used in computers -- 8

NIBBLE - Combination of four bits
Network - A system of interconnected computers.
They are of three types i.e., LAN, MAN, WAN.
Network Interface Card (NIC) - This is a part of the computer that allows it to talk to other computers via a network protocol like TCP/IP.
Node - A computer which is attached to the network. Each node has its own address on the network so that it can be uniquely identified and can communicate with other nodes on the same or different network.

Offline - Refers to the state in which a computer is temporarily or permanently unable to communicate with another computer.
Online - Refers to the state in which a computer is ready to communicate with other computers.
Open source software - Software that makes the underlying source code available to all users at no charge.
Operating system (OS) - Software that manages the internal functions and controls the operations of computer.

Wednesday, 20 July 2016

Terms used in computers -- 7

Macro virus - A type of virus that attaches itself to documents or word processing templates.
Malware - Software that disrupts normal computer functions or sends a user's personal data without the user's authorization.
Memory - The part of a computer that stores information.
Memory Cell - A circuit in memory that represents a single bit of information.
Mass Storage - Storage systems that provide access to hundreds of billions of bytes of stored data. They are often referred to as Archival storage because of the very large volume of historical or backup data they can store.
MIPS - An acronym derived from millions of instructions per second. Used to measure the speed of a processor.
Morphing - The transformation of one image into another image.
Mobile Commerce (m-Commerce) - A form of e-commerce that has the ability to conduct monetary transactions via a mobile device such as a cell phone.
Mozilla - a web browser and successor to Netscape communicator.
Multitasking - The ability of a computer to execute more than one program at a time.

Tuesday, 19 July 2016

Terms used in computers -- 6

Keyboard - The device used to enter information into a computer.
Kilobyte - A measurement of the storage capacity of a each node has its own address on the network so.

LAN - A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area such as a home, school, computer laboratory, or office building, using network media.
Laptop computer - A portable computer. Also known as a notebook computer. 
Landscape Orientation – The positioning of the page so that the information is printed across the long dimension of the page.
LINUX - It is a UNIX like Operating System  with graphical user interface.
Liveware - It is a term to describe the human system, opposed to hardware or software in a computer.


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